Criminal Justice Process By The Rules 

Criminal Justice Process By The Rules 

Criminal justice is the process by which law enforcement agencies investigate crimes and then arrest charges, and prosecute suspects. The criminal justice system began in early civilizations as a way to resolve disputes between people and maintain order within society. It has since evolved into a complex network of laws and regulations that govern the actions of law enforcement agents, judges, prosecutors, and defense attorneys alike. In this article we’ll examine how each part of this process works in modern times; we’ll also look at some interesting facts about crime in America today!

Criminal Justice Process Trial

The trial is the most important part of the criminal justice process. In this stage, defendants have many rights that must be respected by prosecutors and judges alike. These include:

  • The right to be tried by a jury of his/her peers
  • The right to be present at the trial (unless he or she waives that right)
  • The right-to-counsel

Criminal Justice Process Arrest

The arrest is the act of depriving a person of their freedom, usually by causing them to be taken into custody or imprisoned. Arrests are made by police, who must have probable cause that the individual has committed a crime before they can make an arrest. Probable cause means there is enough evidence to lead a reasonable person to believe that an offense has occurred and that it was likely committed by this particular suspect. A warrantless arrest may occur if there is an emergency situation or if it’s necessary for public safety reasons (for example, preventing someone from fleeing).

Police can also make arrests without warrants in other circumstances:

  • If the suspect has been seen committing an offense in public view (for example, shouting profanity at another person), then the police can take him into custody immediately without waiting for him/her to leave the private property where no one else could see what happened;
  • If there’s probable cause that someone has committed domestic violence against another household member within the past 48 hours;
  • If someone refuses medical treatment after being injured during an accident caused by drunk driving or other criminal behavior;

Criminal Justice Process Preliminary Hearing/Bail

If you’re just starting out in criminal law, you may be wondering: What is bail? And how does it work?

Bail is a sum of money that an accused person pays to be released from jail while awaiting trial. It can also be called a “bond.” So, if someone says they paid their bond, they mean they paid their bail. But if someone says they have an existing bond or need to post a new one, then they probably mean bails (plural).

A preliminary hearing or pre-trial hearing is where we determine whether there’s enough evidence against our clients for them to go on trial on these charges. If so, we schedule him/her for trial and ask for bail at this time as well; otherwise, we request dismissal without prejudice (which means that if new evidence comes up later, it won’t prevent us from reopening this case).

Criminal Justice Process Grand Jury and Indictment

A grand jury is a group of people who hear evidence and decide if there is enough evidence to charge someone with a crime. The police only bring cases to the grand jury when they think they have enough evidence to get an indictment or formal accusation that someone has committed a crime. If the grand jury decides not to indict someone, then no charges will be filed against them and their case ends right there in front of this group of citizens who serve as both judge and jury for these types of proceedings.

Criminal Justice Process Sentencing and Jail Time

If you are found guilty of a crime, your sentence will depend on the seriousness of your crime and whether it is considered to be a felony or a misdemeanor. A judge can put you in jail for up to 5 years. If this happens, it’s called “imprisonment,” which means that the court has ordered that you serve time behind bars as part of your punishment.

You may also have to pay fines ranging from $250 up to $10,000 depending on how serious your crime was and if there were any aggravating factors involved (like if it was committed with another person). You’ll also have to pay court costs and fees associated with your case these could add up quickly!

In addition to any jail time or fines paid by defendants convicted of crimes against persons or property; victims who suffered physical injury must be compensated through restitution payments made directly from offenders’ pockets through garnishment orders issued against their wages after sentencing takes place at trial level proceedings involving those accused individuals who’ve been found guilty beyond reasonable doubt by juries composed entirely differently depending upon whether these proceedings occur within federal courts versus state ones only where no jury trials exist whatsoever either way being decided solely based upon the evidence presented during pre-trial discovery motions filed earlier in order just before trial begins taking place.”


We hope that this article has helped you understand the criminal justice process by running existing rules. If you have any questions or comments, please leave them in the comment section below. We would love to hear from you!